Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anders. [family ACANTHACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa . EEB Greenhouse Accession Data for Acanthus montanus. Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson (Acanthaceae) is a shrub widespread in Africa, the Balkans, Romania, Greece and Eastern.

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It is used in African traditional medicine for the treatment of urogenital infections, urethral pain, endometritis, urinary disease, cystitis, leucorrhoea, aches and pains. A sprawling forest understory plant that is native to tropical western Africa.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Acanthus montanus (Nees) on

This plant is not reliably winter hardy to the St. It prefers shady situations and occasional deep watering, but tolerates sunny, dry situations too.

In southeastern Nigeria, the root is popular and acclaimed highly effective in the treatment of furuncles. Plants can spread invasively by creeping rootstocks, particularly in loose soils.

Remove flowering stalks after bloom. Acanthus montanus Nees T. Spikes of pale pink flowers appear summer to fall. Plants grow to ‘ tall when in flower. Plants are best propagated from root cuttings taken in early spring, but may be grown from seed. The aqueous root extract obtained by hot water maceration of the root powder was studied for effects on the growth of clinically isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.


Plant Uses are for informational purposes only. It can be found at stream borders. Two-lipped, snapdragon-like, pink to rose flowers bloom in summer on upright flower spikes to 10″ long which rise from the branch ends. Plants are evergreen in warm winter locations, but leaves will show considerable damage in colder winters near the northern edge of the growing range.

The plant is also used to protect against the devils, in purification and exorcism Burkill Phytochemical tests on the extract revealed an abundant presence of alkaloids and carbohydrates while saponins, glycosides, and terpenoids occurred in trace amounts. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it may be grown in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.

This Acanthaceae article is a stub. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolatespiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental.

Accessed 19 August This article includes a list of referencesrelated wcanthus or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it acantgus inline citations. Louis, it should be sited in a protected location and mulched.

Back to Previous Page. Where winter hardy, this is a bold, stately plant that may be grown as a specimen but is perhaps best sited in small groupings.

Acanthus montanus – Plant Finder

Plants grow to ‘ tall when in flower. Unwanted spread can be addressed by root barriers. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Garden Uses Where winter hardy, this is a bold, stately plant that may be grown as a specimen but is perhaps best sited in small groupings.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It has been used against rheumatism and some diuretic action is also mentioned. The Plant List It reaches up to 6 feet 1. This species is a sprawling forest understory plant that is native to motnanus western Africa.

Phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids and carbohydrates may be responsible for these pharmacological activities. Where winter hardy, plants can spread invasively in optimum conditions. Plants tolerate a wide range of soils except poorly-drained ones.

Plants can be slow to establish in the garden particularly if started from seedbut become somewhat difficult to eradicate once established since small sections of root left behind can sprout new plants.

West African Plants

The leaves have silver marks monhanus wavy margins. Noteworthy Characteristics Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes. Articles lacking in-text citations from February All articles lacking in-text citations Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles.

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