station ⇒ passive bistatic radar or passive coherent location;. ❑ Multistatic radar systems use multiple antennas at separate locations, one antenna for. President, IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society. Bistatic and Multistatic Radar. IEEE AESS Distinguished Lecture, ETH Zurich. Abstract. The separation of transmitter and receiver in bistatic and multistatic radar sensors offers the system designer new and additional degrees of freedom to.

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A system containing multiple spatially diverse monostatic radar or bistatic radar components with a shared area of coverage is called multistatic radar. For example, some very long range HF radar systems may have a transmitter and receiver which are separated by a few tens of raadr for electrical isolation, but as the expected target range is of the order km, they are not considered to be truly bistatic and are referred to as pseudo-monostatic.

It is a generalisation of the bistatic mhltistatic system, with one or more receivers processing returns from one or more geographically separated transmitter. Passive coherent location also known as PCL is a special type of passive radar, which exploits the transmitters of opportunity especially the commercial signals in the environment. This is a special case of bistatic radar, known as a forward scatter radarafter the mechanism by which the transmitted energy is scattered by the target.


This page was last edited on 7 Decemberat Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bistatic and multistatic radars. Many long-range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile systems use semi-active radar homingwhich is a form of bistatic radar.

Views Read Edit View history. A bistatic or multistatic radar that exploits non-radar transmitters of opportunity is termed a passive coherent location system or passive covert radar. However, target may vary from place to place location and tracking is very challenging in systek scatter radars, as the information content in measurements of range, bearing and Doppler becomes very low all these parameters tend to zero, regardless of the location of the target in the fence.

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Bistatic radar – Wikipedia

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Retrieved from ” https: A multistatic radar system is one in which there are at least three components – for example, one receiver and two transmitters, or two receivers and one transmitter, or multiple syztem and multiple transmitters.

Conversely, a radar in which the transmitter and receiver are collocated is called a monostatic radar.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Advances in bistatic radar. Articles needing additional references from December All articles needing additional references Commons category bidtatic is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.


Any radar which does not send active electro-magnetic pulse is known as passive radar. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Ysstem. In some configurations, bistatic radars may be designed to operate in a fence-like configuration, detecting targets which pass between the transmitter and receiver, with the bistatic angle near degrees.

Bistatic radar

This article needs additional citations for verification. In forward scatterthe scattering can be modeled using Babinet’s principle and is a potential countermeasure to stealth aircraft as the radar cross section RCS is determined solely by the silhouette of the aircraft seen by the transmitter, and is unaffected by stealth coatings or shapings.

Bistatic radar is the name given to a radar system comprising a transmitter and receiver that are separated by a distance comparable to the expected target distance.

Some radar systems may have separate transmit and receive antennas, but if the angle subtended between transmitter, target and receiver the bistatic angle is close to zero, then they would still be regarded as monostatic or pseudo-monostatic.