Here, we will look at socially motivated changes in language such as language reforms .. Available online at: Retrieved from http:// is never any one Retrieved from Shih, C., & Gamon, J. (). Web- based learning: Relationships among students motivation, attitude, learning styles and. Capturing socially motivated linguistic change: How the use of gender-fair language affects . Available online at: .

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This was supported with oversignatures from Polish citizens. The first study was a pilot study, and at the time, no institutional approval was needed in Poland for pilot studies.

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The cross-linguistic investigation of advantages and disadvantages of language feminization. In Austria, almost all universities and government institutions have wdw own guidelines for gender-fair language e.

Similar to Studies 1 and 2, we included participants’ political views mean-centered as covariates in the analysis. We tested this assumption by comparing two speech communities where grammatical gender languages are spoken Polish in Poland and German in Austriawhich substantially differ with respect to gender-fair usage.

However, no such difference was observed for women. Thus, we assume that in the period following the introduction of gender-fair language, its co-occurrence with a gender equality issue may be perceived as strongly indicating a feminist position.

Side effects of gender-fair language: After reading the introduction, participants answered two questions: In contrast to Study 1, we also measured participants’ political attitudes one item with answers from 1 very liberal to 7 very conservative. However, in Austria, where gender-fair language is well known and fairly established, we expected gender-fair forms to trigger highly positive reactions than the traditional use of the masculine.


Horvath 3 and Sabine Sczesny 1. This means that you will not need to remember your user name and password in the future and you will be able to login with the account you choose to sync, with the click of a button. The matrix of correlation coefficients of the main variables of interest for all three Studies is available in Table 1. In daily life, it is quite common to use academic titles when introducing people. These lyrics by Dylan capture a rarely examined phenomenon in social psychology, that is, social reality changes over time and may do so motivafion within a fairly short period.

In Polish, feminine forms of some role nouns can easily be derived with the suffix – ka e. Finally, the participants who provided demographical data were asked for comments and were provided with debriefing information about the study.

Motivationstheorien nach Kirsten Tiggewerth-Kemper by Hans Peter on Prezi

Symposium of Social Psychology— Ambassadors of gender equality? Results of the regression analysis are presented in Table 4.

This topic may have reinforced the effect of feminine forms in the description. Login Register Login using. Feminine job titles led to less favorable evaluations of the initiative when its goal was gender equality support of female studentsbut hftp when the initiative was aimed at achieving other forms of equality supporting students of countries affected by war.

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Study 3 was conducted in Austria to clarify whether the long-term practice of gender-fair language is reflected in positive reactions to this usage in the evaluation of social initiatives. The non-gender-related goal was helping students from countries affected by war. Moreover, it must be emphasized that Study 1 was performed at a time when a heated debate on quotas was ongoing in Poland. Study 1 showed that the gender-related social initiative was evaluated less favorably by men when framed in a feminine than in a masculine form.


Finally, participants were asked how strongly they supported feminism. This indicates that support for the parity act was similar across genders and experimental conditions and the use of covariate was justified. Second question whether the initiative was governed by genuine care for other people was omitted because we have included two additional similar questions examining for exploratory purposes judgments of fairness of the initiative see also Footnote 9.

The website of the study was accessed by persons. The line it is drawn. According to numerous researchers, the implementation of gender-fair language has reached different stages in Austria and Poland. Nevertheless, future studies should try to capture the change in attitudes toward gender-fair language more directly. Accordingly, negative attitudes toward reformed language may become more positive.

In general, if gender-fair language is perceived as questioning traditional gender arrangements, negative effects should occur mostly in connection with gender issues. The results indicated that the effects of linguistic form were moderated by participant gender. The initiative was evaluated using five questions, a shortened version of the scale used in Study 2 7.

The website hosting the study was accessed by individuals, of whom left the first page without completing it.